This session will introduce the concept of neurotechnology and set out the potential uses, challenges and opportunities that developments in neurotechnology may bring to lawyers, their clients and society. We will discuss how clients may benefit from or be endangered by neurotechnology. Does the client need protection from neurotechnology? Is the law ready for it (in particular in terms of regulation, including AI, or what about in our court systems)? We will focus too on the ethics of neurotechnology and neuro-manipulation, as well as other AI-based practices and consider whether human rights should include ‘neurorights’? We will analyse the impact on cognitive performance and the way lawyers and their clients’ work, including privacy considerations, issues of equity and neurotechnological discrimination. And keeping in mind the key question throughout – what is best for society?